09 October 2019

Social adjustment in adolescents born very preterm: Evidence for a cognitive basis of social problems

This research investigated the role of emotion recognition and cognitive control processes in the relation between very preterm birth and social adjustment. The research provided strong evidence for a central role of impaired cognitive control in the social problems of adolescents born very preterm. Very preterm adolescents showed more parent- and teacher-rated social problems and increased autism spectrum disorder symptomatology than controls, as well as deficits in emotion recognition and cognitive control. The relation between very preterm birth and parent-rated social problems was significantly mediated by cognitive control, but not by emotion recognition.