This presentation provides an overview of the study as well as data on participants’ physical health, socio-emotional wellbeing and cognitive learning ability. Approximately three-quarters of the children had three or less placement changes from the time of entering OOHC for the first time and 30 June 2016. Placement changes increased with age at entry to care. Twenty-three percent of children who were reunified with their biological family re-entered care, with 71% of these children re-entering before 12 months. While overall there was little apparent change on children’s verbal ability, non-verbal ability and behaviour problems from Wave 1 to Wave 3, some children who were developing below the normal range at baseline made a positive change by Wave 3. The children developing in the normal range at baseline generally maintained developmental progress, however there were some exceptions. Almost 40% of the children in Wave 3 had clinical range behaviour problems and/or below average language skills and non-verbal intelligence and 22% of children aged 10 and older had contact with the juvenile justice system before, during or after care.