This study examined the influence of out-of-home care on reading scores, attendance, and suspensions by comparing a matched sample of maltreated children who entered out-of-home care and maltreated children who remained at home. Both groups of maltreated children had poor educational outcomes, with no difference in year 9 reading achievement for the out-of-home care and in-home care groups. There was no difference in suspensions for the groups. The only significant difference was children in out-of-home care had fewer school absences than children in in-home care. The authors concluded that while out-of-home care was not a significant factor in the adverse educational outcomes of these children; however, there was a clear need for further educational support to address poor outcomes for children involved with child protection services.