This report examines Indigenous mortality and life expectancy during the period 2001 to 2015, based on evidence from the Enhanced Mortality Database. The study observed increases in life expectancy during the study period for both Indigenous males and females across most jurisdictions. However Indigenous males and females were younger at death relative to the non-Indigenous population. Nationally, there was a larger increase in life expectancy for Indigenous males than Indigenous females. Life expectancy across jurisdictions was more variable for Indigenous males and females than for non-Indigenous males and females. These jurisdictional differences may reflect on the q1uality of the data as well ass variations in living conditions and socioeconomic circumstances and in access to health care.