Knowledge and Resource Hub
28 May 2018

Transitions and turning points revisited : A replication to explore child maltreatment and youth offending links within and across Australian cohorts

This study used population-based Queensland child protection and youth justice administrative data to examine the consistency of life-course child maltreatment trajectories and youth offending links across birth cohorts. The research explored youth offending outcomes with consideration of variations in maltreatment chronicity, timing, and frequency, multi-type maltreatment, gender and race (Indigenous Australian versus non-Indigenous Australian youths).The research identified six distinct maltreatment trajectory groups and found that groups characterised by chronic maltreatment and/or adolescent maltreatment had the largest proportion of young offenders and that maltreatment frequency commonly peaked at transition points. It also noted considerable overlap between maltreatment dimensions and a potential impact of race and multi-type maltreatment on maltreatment and offending links.