Knowledge and Resource Hub
17 December 2019

Resilience in children exposed to violence: A meta-analysis of protective factors across ecological contexts

This paper reports the results of a meta-analysis of 118 studies which examined the potential protective factors for children exposed to violence in the past 30 years. Four critical and potentially modifiable protective factors were identified in children exposed to violence. These factors and were protective regardless of the type of violence (child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, and community violence) children had experienced. Protective factors were self-regulation skills, family support including parental warmth and acceptance, school support such as feeling secure at school and feeling supported and valued by school staff, and lastly, peer support including attachment to peers, satisfaction with relationships, as well as social and emotional support. These factors can be targeted in prevention and intervention strategies to promote resilience in children exposed to violence.