Knowledge and Resource Hub
01 August 2019

Reducing inequities in early childhood mental health: How might the neighbourhood built environment help close the gap? A systematic search and critical review

This paper presents a critical review of the current research investigating the associations between the neighbourhood built environment and young children’s (aged 0–8 years) mental health. In general studies found a greater access to, or quantity of neighbourhood nature or public open space was associated with better mental health for children. The authors identified significant gaps in the available research which included a lack of studies investigating social infrastructure, with only a few studies examining  how the built environment related to positive mental health. Instead existing research most often focused only on problems.