This study examined the self-reported life experiences and offending patterns of Sudanese-Australian youth in custody. Sudanese Australians are faced with re-settlement challenges when migrating to Australia. These include language barriers, obtaining stable housing, finding employment, acculturative stressors and discrimination. Many have also been exposed to pre-migratory traumas and family fragmentation. While most integrate successfully, a small number of youth are at risk of violence and criminal activites, leading to their over-representation in the criminal justice system. The stuy's findings highlighted a number of key risk factors for contact with the justice system and opportunities for intervention.