Knowledge and Resource Hub
17 May 2019

Nurturant-involved parenting and adolescent substance use: Examining an internalizing pathway through adolescent social anxiety symptoms and substance refusal efficacy

This research investigated the pathway linking parenting behaviours and early adolescent substance use by examining the relationship between  nurturant-involved parenting, (involving  warmth, supportiveness, low hostility, and low rejection) and later adolescent drunkenness, marijuana use, and cigarette use through social anxiety symptoms and subsequent decreases in substance refusal efficacy.  Adolescents from families with fathers who exhibited lower levels of nurturant-involved parenting experienced subsequent increases in social anxiety symptoms and decreased capacity to refuse substances, which  was then related to more frequent drunkenness, cigarette and marijuana use. The effects were not significant when mother's parenting was considered. Overall the study shows a way that parenting influences youth substance use and also links social anxiety symptoms to a decreased capacity to refuse substances.