Knowledge and Resource Hub
31 July 2018

Longitudinal patterns of secure institutional placement among serious adolescent offenders

This study uses data from the Pathways to Desistance study which focuses on understanding how serious adolescent offenders desist from antisocial activity by identifying longitudinal patterns of institutional placement to understand young people's experiences in the juvenile justice system. For this study young people aged between 14 and 18 years of age were followed for seven years. The study found four groups: a pattern of steady time in the community (33.3%), and three patterns of youth spending varying (22.5%), declining (24.4%), and steady high (18.8%) time in placement.  There were significant differences between the four groups, suggesting that young people from the most disadvantaged contexts, those who were most likely to have trouble in school and live in disorganised neighbourhoods, spent the most time in placement.