Knowledge and Resource Hub
01 August 2019

Further insight needed into potential development delays in preterm children

This research examined if preterm children were at higher risk of developing executive functioning deficits than their full-term peers at kindergarten. This research found that the executive functioning deficits found in preterm infants do continue to at least school entry when they are 4-5 years old. Preterm children were significantly behind in regards to executive functions, leading to deficits in their capacity to engage in adaptive, goal-directed behaviours which can impact on their engagement in learning and can lead to the development of behavioural problems and decreased academic achievement.