This resource provides a snapshot of the data on Australian children and young people who were in out-of-home care during 2015-16 and identifies current issues in providing a safe and stable care arrangement. The numbers of children admitted to out-of-home care has increased from 7.4 per 1,000 children at 30 June 2011 to 8.6 per 1,000 children at 30 June 2016 and the number of children in out-of-home care have risen every year for the past five years. Nationally, most children live in home-based care (93.6%) while 5.8% live in family group homes or care and the remaining living independently or in other arrangements. Indigenous children were over-represented in out-of-home care across all age groups and in all jurisdictions. The key challenges in providing out-of-home care were providing placement stability and appropriate preparation and supports for leaving care.